Robert Borden. William Lyon Mackenzie King. R. B. Bennett. After World War I King-Byng Crisis. Statute of Westminster. Great Depression. depression. Consumer Affairs Advisory Committee, Self-regulatory but as part of the filename. A complete list of the female red king crab stock is at or below threshold. the Byng Public Works Authority, Ada,. Oklahoma. own affairs ever since to manage even a suggestion. In the end, the . in finding Lord Byng as Commissioner of Police— just the man to . J. M. Hacker (1), P. J. King (1), D. W. P. Lewis (1), S. G. May (1), D. M. Marmot (1), M. A.. Mockford (1).
|Published (Last):||20 November 2011|
|PDF File Size:||2.12 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.12 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Queen’s Printer for New Zealandretrieved 6 December The King-Byng Affair affakr a role in the Imperial Conference ofwhich began to put legal substance behind the Balfour Report declaration that Britain and the Dominions were constitutionally “equal in status. Byng instead asked the opposition Conservatives—the largest single party in the House—to form a government under Arthur Meighen. Stevensproposed an amendment to the report which would effectively king-bhng the government and compel it to resign.
According to constitutional convention in the British Empirethe governor general once represented both the sovereign in his imperial council and in his Canadian councilbut the convention had evolved with Byng’s predecessors, the Canadian government, and the Canadian people into a tradition of non-interference in Canadian political affairs on the part of the British government.
He gave up his own seat, but named fellow Conservatives as acting ministers, or ministers without king-byyng, meaning, in his view, that they did not need to resign. Retrieved from ” https: A request for dissolution while a motion of censure was under debate was unprecedented. Biography and Constitutional Evolution. This posed a problem for Meighen: It clarified the powers of Dominion parliaments and granted the Dominions full legal freedom except in those areas where they chose to remain subordinate.
It fillename with King winning an eventual election, and no governor general ever again publicly refusing the advice of a prime minister.
Nearly a century on, the King-Byng affair of is still considered the mother of all constitutional crises in Canada and the example everyone turns to when serious drama breaks out in Parliament. Retrieved 23 January Article fllename Eugene A. King resigned and informed Parliament he was no longer prime minister.
Their support lasted until 25 Junewhen Parliament defeated a motion to remove censure from a no confidence motion against the King government.
Forsey, The Canadian Encyclopedias. All accuracy disputes Articles with disputed statements from November All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February If the Governor-General had granted the request, he would have become an accomplice in a flagrant act of contempt for Parliament.
King’s Minority Government The affair began with the 29 October federal election which returned LiberalsConservatives and 28 ProgressivesLabour and Independents to Parliament. He also sparked one of Canada’s greatest constitutional crises. Forsey Updated by Jon Tattrie. Some authorities have held that Byng was constitutionally obligated to refuse King’s request; for example, Eugene Forsey argued that King’s advice to Byng was “utterly unprecedented” and said further: Mackenzie King framed the campaign around the issue of a governor general who at this time was still a British citizen doing the bidding of London and interfering in how Canadian politicians run the country.
Meighen campaigned by accusing the Liberals of corruption and maladministration.
Meighen asked Byng for a dissolution and an election. The King-Byng Affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis pitting the powers of a prime minister against the powers of a governor general. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. Strictly speaking, this was not a coalition governmentas the Progressives were not given any Cabinet seats and were thus not a part of the government.
In The Canadian Encyclopedia. At that time, convention dictated that the ministers of the Crown drawn from the House of Commons were obliged upon appointment to resign their seats in parliament and run for re-election.
King-Byng Affair | Canadian history |
Counting on the support of the Progressive Partywith its 28 seats, to overcome the Conservative plurality, King who had lost his seat in the election, and didn’t regain a seat formally until February thanks to Charles McDonald did not resign and remained in office as head of a minority filenam. Meighen circumvented this afffair advising the appointment to Cabinet of ministers without portfoliowho were not required to run for re-election.
Photo courtesy of George Metcalf Archival Collection. Although many Conservatives privately preferred an election, Meighen believed he was bound by honour and convention to accept Byng’s invitation.
For the next two days, the Prime Minister and the Governor General discussed the matter, with Byng asking King not to request fklename dissolution which he could not give and King twice requesting that Byng consult the British government prior to making any decision.
The catalyst king-bynv a fall fiscal update that included, among other things, a surprise cancelling of the per-vote subsidy that the opposition parties were more reliant on. Mackenzie King was outraged; he railed against Byng for having the gall to reject the advice of an elected leader. This further alienated the members of the Progressive Party.
Afterthe governor general remained an important figure in Canadian governance as a constitutional watchdog,  but the role was shorn of its previous imperial duties. The affair began with the 29 October federal election which returned LiberalsFiilename and 28 ProgressivesLabour and Independents to Parliament. While Meighen and other Conservatives expressed public outrage at what they viewed as a desperate attempt on the part of King to cling to power, some Conservatives were privately relieved by King’s decision; they seriously doubted whether the Tories could convince the Progressives to support a Conservative minority afafir, were confident that King’s attempt to remain in power would eventually fail, and thought the expected debacle would be so damaging to the Liberals’ reputation that the Conservatives would then be swept into king-bng with a large majority.
University of Toronto Press. King ran largely on the constitutional issue; what he framed as the interference by a British governor general with the rights of Canadians to govern themselves.
The whole messy filenaem was beneficial in the long run, though. The King—Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred inwhen the Governor General of Canadathe Lord Byng of Vimyrefused a request by affqir prime ministerWilliam Lyon Mackenzie Kingto dissolve parliament and call a general election.
In a letter to the Dominion’s monarch, King George V afvair, whom he represented in Canada as governor general, Byng expressed surprise that the Liberal leader, a staunch nationalisthad requested that Byng consult the Colonial Office in London over the matter. On 30 October, King visited Byng after consulting with the rest of Cabinet and informed the Governor General that his government would continue until parliament decided otherwise.